Edward Glaeser is a professor of economics at Harvard who does research on urban growth and he’s written a short essay on a topic completely outside his area of knowledge. Nevertheless, it’s an interesting read. It’s titled The Presumption of Decency and I urge you to check it out.
I think he touches on a deep-rooted flaw in human thinking habits, one that frequently puts us on a path to a mindset that enables us to justify committing some the most atrocious acts against other human beings. And despite the remorse we may feel afterward, we do it again and again.
The fact is, our perspective-taking abilities are generally not very good. We also have incomplete access to the situational information of others. So when we try to understand the behaviors of others, we tend to assume it’s due to negative motivations or personality flaws. Social psychologists refer to this as a fundamental attribution error.
Ellen is ignoring me. She’s being a bitch.
Ummm, maybe Ellen is busy?
On the other hand, when reflecting on our own actions, we tend to be more forgiving. For example:
I have so much to do right now. I don’t have time to answer that email.
Are you really so busy, when you’ve already answered messages from several other people?
I suspect we are doubly likely to fall back on this heuristic when trying to understand those who are in conflict with us:
The police won’t let me take my bike through this gate. They are morons.
Maybe at one time, this was a useful heuristic, helping us to quickly identify potential threats so we could eliminate them before they became immediate dangers. But if something is not an immediate danger, shouldn’t we not be relying on a heuristic when we try to understand it? Shouldn’t we be making the investment of time to investigate more deeply to form a better conclusion?
Now that humans have armed themselves with weapons capable of death and destruction on a massive scale, perhaps it’s time to call this out as detrimental to us as a species. That is, if continuation of the species is important to us.
Let’s start by not always assuming the worst of others.